upper silesia plebiscite
The time leading up to the 20 Mar, 1921 plebiscite was marked by heavy campaigning, rioting and violence. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a referendum for the self-determination of the population of Upper Silesia that was required by the Treaty of Versailles.
in 1919, 2,280,902) should be called upon to decide by a plebiscite whether they would belong to Germany or Poland ( see Peace Conference). Upper Silesia : Stamps [6/15]. The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles; according to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. In Weimar Republic: Years of crisis (1920-23) Upper Silesia on March 20, 1921, an overall majority voted to remain with Germany. Upper Silesia plebiscite. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a border referendum mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out in March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland. Find the perfect upper silesia 1920 stock photo. Germany won 60% of the votes, but Poland argued that many of those that voted for Germany did not live in Upper Silesia. SILESIA - It was provided in 1919 by the Peace of Versailles (Art.
Soon, however, it became apparent that the . Two young men viewing a campaign poster before the Upper Silesia plebiscite on self-determination, which is to take place on 20th March 1921 in the. The other region slated for a plebiscite on the Polish-German border was Upper Silesia - but here, the situation turned violent.
Each of these countries sent soldiers to occupy the region, which . Series: General edition Upper Silesia Catalog codes: Mi:DR-OS 38a, Sn:DR-OS 40, Yt:DR-OS . Upper Silesia (Polish: Grny lsk; Silesian: Grny lnsk; Czech: Horn Slezsko; German: Oberschlesien; Silesian German: Oberschlsing; Latin: Silesia Superior) is the southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Upper Silesia Plebiscite 20 March 1921 - German propaganda postcard at the best online prices at eBay! Upon its dissolution after 906, the region fell under the influence of the Pemyslid rulers of Bohemia . Therefore surely without emigrants the division of Upper Silesia's territory would have been more favourable for the Polish side. Creating Nationality in Central Europe, 1880-1950. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.wikipedia. 10th Anniversary of the Upper Silesia Plebiscite. Silesia is . Both Germany and Poland valued this region not only for reasons of national feeling, but for its economic importance as well. German leaflet from the period of the plebiscite in Upper Silesia in 1921. No need to register, buy now! Upper Silesia plebiscite passports Inter-Allied issued passports & ID's during 1920-1922. 37 Full PDFs related to . The region was ethnically mixed, chiefly among Germans, Poles and Silesians. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 100% (1/1) GERMANY AWAITS UPPER SILESIA PLEBISCITE VOTE; May Approach Reparations With Something Like Optimism if She Wins.STILL HOPES IN AMERICABelief Harding AdministrationWill Extend Aid in OneForm or . The plan to divide the region was suggested by the Inter-Allied Commission on Upper Silesia, headed by the French general Henri Le Rond. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles; according to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. Memorandum. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was therefore a plebiscite for self-determination of Upper Silesia required by the Treaty of Versailles. The plan was . .
Under the previous rule by the German Empire, Poles claimed they had . . Philately: Plebiscite Area Upper Silesia - Varieties of Postage Stamps A. Postage stamps March - May 1920. Ask me on Twitter (@todayinthewar) [Further Reading] March 20, 2021. Only Colnect automatically matches collectibles you want with collectables collectors offer for sale or swap. Upper Silesia (Gorny Slask in Polish), with a mixed Polish and German population, was part of Germany before WWI. German Silesia - from revolution to degermanisation, by Leslie Wilson. 02015 00214 Volksabstimmung in Oberschlesien.JPG. The plan to divide the region was suggested by the Inter-Allied Commission on Upper Silesia, headed by the French general Henri Le Rond. Admittedly, the mosaic voting pattern defied an easy boundary . Modernity, Violence, and (Be)Longing in Upper Silesia, 2016. The remaining part of Cieszyn region, together with the eastern strip of Prussian Upper Silesia, became Polish and was made the Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship in 1922. . Full PDF Package Download Full PDF Package. . Border Plebiscite in Upper Silesia, 1919-1921 T. HUNT TOOLEY THE FIXING of the disputed Polish-German border in Upper Silesia by referendum in 1921 has generally stood in a second rank behind other dramatic and difficult episodes of peacemaking and stabilization. The Upper Silesian plebiscite of 20 March 1921 - the course of voting Both the Polish and German sides presented the plebiscite as their own success.
The plebiscite areas in East Prussia overwhelmingly voted to stay in Germany, despite there being a substantial Polish population there (almost half in the bigger of the two zones). . However, in making that claim, it was disregarding the treaty provisions for partitioning the area according to the wishes of the Read More SILESIA The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out in March 1921 to determine a section of the border between Weimar Germany and Poland.The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles; according to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population. Media in category "Upper Silesia plebiscite" The following 18 files are in this category, out of 18 total. plebiscite in Upper Silesia, in order to determine the borders that would divide reconstituted Poland and reorganized Germany. Abstract. Naturally, both Germany Poland wanted this important mining and . The Second Silesian Uprising (Polish: Drugie powstanie lskie) was the second of three uprisings.. After World War I, the German province of Upper Silesia was occupied by the Allies to organize a plebiscite or plebiscite on behalf of the League of Nations to determine whether Upper Silesia More. stands for the French: Commission de Gouvernement Haute Silesie. After the war, fighting broke out between its Polish and German inhabitants, so Italy, France, Great Britain and the United States sent troops to occupy and pacify the area. The Upper Silesia plebiscite territory began issuing official stamps in 1920. diss., University of Virginia, 1986)Google Scholar deals exclusively with the German plebiscites. In this article the author illustrates the activity of police services in Upper Silesia between 1918 and 1922. The plebiscite was to be held within two years of the Treaty (signed in 1919) in the whole of Silesia, although the Polish government only wanted it to be held in the part of Silesia east of the Oder river . One of his closest collaborators was a lawyer called Wolny, which is the Polish word for "free," or "at liberty." The plebiscite was held on March 21st, 1921. Estimated delivery dates - opens in a new window or tab include seller's handling time, origin ZIP Code, destination ZIP Code and time of acceptance and will depend on shipping service selected and receipt of cleared payment cleared payment - opens in a new window or tab.Delivery times may vary, especially during peak periods. The design at left commemorates the 10th anniversary of the plebiscite in Upper Silesia. 'Scoundrels' and Desperate Mothers: Gendering German and Polish Propaganda in the Upper Silesian Plebiscite, 1919-1921 Allison Rodriguez. Several uprisings of the Polish population erupted prior to the plebiscite. In the Upper Silesia plebiscite of March 1921, a majority of 59.4% voted against merging with Poland and a minority of 40.6% voted for, with clear lines dividing Polish and German communities. major Allied powers concerned Upper Silesia. Set Date (s) 1931. Silesia, Polish lsk, Czech Slezsko, German Schlesien, historical region that is now in southwestern Poland. Inter-Allied occupation for safeguarding the plebiscite in Upper Silesia, French guard in Katowice, January 1920, coloured photograph, cigarette card, series 'Die . Leaflet addressed to Silesians Catholics. 1. . (Washington, 1933).Google Scholar My own "Fighting without Arms: The Defense of German Interests in Schleswig, East and West Prussia, and Upper Silesia, 1918-1921" (unpub. Upper Silesia in Modern Central Europe: On the Significance of the Non-National in the Age of Nations Tomasz Kamusella. 1. In introduction the author describes international and political position of Upper Silesia. Bilingual, in Polish and German. The plebiscite, set for 20 March 1921, was to finally resolve the conflict over where Upper Silesia belonged. The plebiscite was a test for the League of Nations and for the national activists in the region who had previously argued that national identity was inherent, before recognizing that loyalty was a matter of choicea vote. Silesia was originally a Polish province, which became a possession of the Bohemian crown in 1335, passed with that crown to the Austrian Habsburgs in 1526, and was taken by Prussia in 1742. MiNr. Instead, Polish terrorist action ensured that Upper Silesia, at the insistence of the French (but opposed by the Italian section of the Plebiscite Commission) was partitioned into two zones to deliberately ensure that Poland got the lion's share of the industrialised coal region for no other reason than to 'punish' Germany (even though Poles . DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF THE LEAGUE IN THE UPPER SILESIA DISPUTE OF 1919-21 'The League was responsible for ensuring the peace settlement was maintained.' 'The dispute was between Germany and Poland.' 'In March 1921, the League organised a plebiscite.' '700,000 voted in favour of Germany, while 480,000 voted in favour of Poland . The Plebiscite and the Inter-W ar Y ears: . Upper Silesia was a highly industrialized, mineral rich area in the far southeast of the German Empire and highly coveted by both Germany and Poland. This is recognised by the raised lettering on the reverse "COMMISSION INTERALLIEE DE GOUVERNEMENT ET DE PLEBISCITE" 1920 - 1922 dates in relief. Britain and France sent troops to ensure the vote was democratic. 02015 00215 Volksabstimmung in Oberschlesien - Schlesisches Museum (Kattowitz).JPG. Sign up for Curiosity Stream and get Nebula bundled in and SAVE 26%: https://curiositystream.com/thegreatwarThe question of the allegiance of the ethnically . Polen - 1921 - Oberschlesische Volksabstimmung - unbenutztes MLH. 3. Plebiscite area Upper Silesia Territory of the Saar Basin (Saargebiet) Germany 1919-1945: Weimar Republic 1919-1933 Inflation period panes Third Reich 1933-1945: Occupied areas in WWII: Albania Bohemia and Moravia Boka Kotorska Jersey Macedonia Poland Serbia Slovenia (Ljubljana Province) Zadar (Zara) Allied occupation: Allied Control Council issues Fatal Violence in Upper Silesia, 1918-1922 Timothy Wilson. The "Industrial Triangle" on the eastern side of the plebiscite zonebetween the cities then called Beuthen, Kattowitz, and Gleiwitzwas the heart of this large industrial complex. The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine ownership of the province of Upper Silesia between Weimar Germany and Poland. GornySlask. Double-sided. After its reorganisation in 1919, the Polish Silesians divided the Polish Silesia in two regions: Lower Silesia and Upper Silesia. The Treaty of Versailles had ordered a plebiscite in Upper Silesia to determine whether the territory should be a part of Germany or Poland. Download Download PDF. In 1921, after two uprisings in Upper Silesia and according to the Treaty of Versailles, a plebiscite had to be carried out to determine the limits of Germany and Poland, which was technically a new country, since . The Upper Silesia plebiscite was a plebiscite mandated by the Versailles Treaty and carried out on 20 March 1921 to determine ownership of the province of Upper Silesia between Weimar Germany and Poland. catalogue. On 20 March 1921 the Upper Silesian Plebiscite was held where the inhabitants of Upper Silesia had to decide if they wanted to be part of Poland or Germany.A. Size 33 x 22 cm. A plebiscite was to be held in Upper Silesia, and Woiczech Korfanty was nominated Poland's Commissar for the Plebiscite. There are words which carry the . Polen - 1921 - Oberschlesische Volksabstimmung - unbenutztes MLH. According to prewar statistics, ethnic Poles formed 60 percent of the population.
Silesia (/ s a l i , s a l i i /, also UK: /-i z i /, US: /-i i ,-i , s -/) is a historical region of Central Europe that lies mostly within contemporary Poland, with small parts in the neighboring Czechia and Germany.Its area is approximately 40,000 km 2 (15,400 sq mi), and the population is estimated at around 8,000,000.